"I have chosen the child as the theme of my life, because children are a suppressed social class worldwide in the lack of freedom among adults" – says Janusz Korczak, according to the testimony of his secretary Igor Newerly2. He fought all his life for the liberation of children from this lack of freedom and for the reform of their education. From 1912 he developed an alternative to the traditional "class society" in the newly built Dom Sierot (House of Orphans) with 107 children and a few adults and tested it in a "small republic". In doing so, he and the children discovered a decisive key to the democratization of coexistence and education – participation, children's rights, pedagogical relationship – with the help of which democratic development could also be promoted today, even outside an orphanage and under other conditions.
Public project co-financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Republic of Poland "Public Diplomacy 2020: New Dimension” funding programme.